G8 Countries – History

The concept of a forum for the world’s major industrialized democracies emerged following the 1973 oil crisis. In 1974, a series of meetings in the library of the White House in Washington, D.C. was known as the “Library Group”. This was an informal gathering of senior financial officials from the United States, the United Kingdom, West Germany, Japan and France. In 1975, French President Valéry Giscard d’Estaing invited the heads of government from West Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States to a summit in Château de Rambouillet. The six leaders agreed to an annual meeting organized under a rotating presidency, forming the Group of Six (G6). The following year, Canada joined the group at the behest of Germany’s Chancellor Helmut Schmidt and U.S. President Gerald Ford and the group became the Group of Seven (G7). The European Union is represented by the President of the European Commission and the leader of the country that holds the Presidency of the Council of the European Union. The President of the European Commission has attended all meetings since it was first invited by the United Kingdom in 1977 and the Council President now also regularly attends.

Following 1994’s G7 summit in Naples, Russian officials held separate meetings with leaders of the G7 after the group’s summits. This informal arrangement was dubbed the Political 8 (P8) – or, colloquially, the G7+1. At the invitation of Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Tony Blair and President of the United States Bill Clinton, Russia formally joined the group in 1997, resulting in the Group of Eight, or G8.

Source: wikipedia

G8 Nations and their Ministers

Should the G8 be in charge of education, sustainable development and humanitarian services in the Developing world? Lessons in life come via formal and informal education, while formal education by most is valued as a human right it can also be utilized to train and develop partakers into self-sufficient contributors and participants towards the development of sustainable societies. Many others take education for granted and use it to spread general and even useless knowledge. Education must be taken seriously to protect Human Rights and enhance peace and sustainable environments in developing societies. Since there are immediate troublesome conditions throughout the world, and especially in developing states in Africa, one must deeply consider what role formal education can play to hasten holistic development of the people towards bringing solutions to conflicts. Many of the G8 nations have been the caretakers of the developing world for at least the last century.

A brief ‘stroll down memory lane’ will allow us to remember the roles that our leaders have played in crimes against humanity. Hate, racism, greed, and having little regard for the human life of poor peoples are some of the human dis-eases recognizable as the causes of both the exploitation and genocide of African related and other peoples. Certain systems of domination were implemented by most of the G8 governments that severely exploited human rights. One such exploitation existed in slavery. Slavery is a system noted by the United Nations Human Rights Charter, to be a severe violation of human rights. Although many of the G8 nations have offered formal apologies for enslavement of humans there had been no reparations or solutions to the poverty that slavery and apartheid and colonialism created, given to most of the people that have suffered and chiefly those of African descent.
Consequently, some are not very confident that leading governments want to be successful in providing human services or champions of peace. Certainly, the last 50 years had not hosted a global environment of peace and security to warrant success. Even less than 40 years ago, numerous martyrs were assassinated and imprisoned in the name of human rights and development or peace: remember, Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, Marcus Garvey, Gandhi, Nelson Mandela, Patrice Lumumba and Kwame Nkrumah just to name a few. Can the G8 or other super powers be supported in their lead especially in sustainable development programs and global peace for Africa or elsewhere? Can they continue to take charge of programs and services that are established to protect human rights if their evaluation is not good?

G8 Summit 2013

The G8 Nations that attended the G8 Summit 2013 was comprised of the usual main industrialized countries: United Kingdom, United States, France, Canada, Japan, Russia, Italy, and Germany. Some issues addressed were the issue of Syria and David Cameron, the British prime Minister stated that lessons were learned from Iraq and the situation with Syria will not turn into another Iraq problem. The G8 ministers set forth an agreed blueprint for the future of Syria.
Seven points were covered on Syria, includes:
• Bloodshed will be stopped and peace established as well as stability through political means.
• G8 pledged extra $1.5 billion in Syria’s aid as well as its neighbors and aid to risk areas such as Qusayr.
• Calling for the implementation of a transitional government as set forth by the Geneva Communique of June 2012 at the Geneva Conference.
• Ensuring that all the Syrians are represented at the Geneva Conference.
• The destroying and expelling of Al Qaeda and all others linked to terrorism from Syria. This backs the UN plan to ensure all security forces are capable of dealing with extremists and terrorism.
• The uses of any chemical weapons are condemned. The G8 summit decided that a UN investigating team must be allowed to investigate the use of such chemical weapons. Indiscriminate attacks and human rights abuses on civilians from any party or people are condemned.
The G8 ministers further promised the opening up of government data to scrutiny when signing an Open Data Charter for the first time since the first G8 Summit was held. The Open Data Charter will enable people to use the data in generating services, insights, and ideas in creating a better world. The idea behind the Open Data Charter is to build and gain the confidence of the public and private governance.

Protesters Plagued G8 Nations Summit 2013

THE 39TH G8 SUMMIT for 2013 was held at the Lough Erne Resort in Northern Ireland on June 17 -18. Amid heavy protesters, it is concluded that not much was achieved during the G8 nation’s summit.
The prime minister, David Cameron had big plans for a significant breakthrough in tax evasion and he does deserve credit for putting it on the agenda. A modest achievement was to get the UK’s overseas territories and crown dependencies in signing up in setting up international principles on the exchanges of information.
Not much progress was made however with a weak G8 action plan. There was a plan set in motion to allow poor countries to be a part of the G8 deal on automatic exchange of tax information, but that is also just a plan, which remains to be seen if it will be acted on.
Protesters around the globe denounce the G8 nations as wealthy international elites that do not serve, but exploit the members of its own nations as well as the inhabitants of the poor countries.
The g8 ministers is fundamentally a group of ministers dedicated in laying groundwork in diplomatic progress on all issues important to its member countries and representing non-member nations and inhabitants of the poorest countries in the world.
Its agenda should have focused on providing aid to the emerging nations, NSA surveillance scandal and breaking down of barriers in allowing the G8 nations to export more goods dominated the summit. The aiding of emerging nation’s development which most feel should have dominated the summit did not.
Many feel that the protesters has a point and that the negative feelings towards the g8 nations summit and its ministers has valid reasons as it seems that it remains discussions and plans of action from the G8 nations that never becomes a reality.

Catholic Bishops Address the G8 Leaders

The United States Conference of Catholic Bishops conferenced in a letter addressed to the Leaders of the G8 before the next meeting of the heads of the nations. The G8 nations will hold their next meeting in June 2013 in The United Kingdom and thus the letter to the G8 ministers to look and address the issues that they feel should get the attention of the G8 nations.
The letter from the President of the Catholic Bishops urges for the assistance of developing countries and protection of the poor. The bishops further urges the G8 nation’s ministers to focus on nutrition and agriculture as to many people in the world still go to bed hungry at night and food production and food distribution must be seriously addressed.
The feeling of the world and the Catholic Church are that if agriculture is seriously addresses by the G8 ministers the African countries will seriously benefit. Special attention must also be given to tax evasion, transparency and trade issues. Transparency is according to the Bishop’s critical as government will then be able to be held accountable.
The reasoning that the world as a whole is only as healthy as the weakest members of the world makes sense in all regards. The coalition of bishops who signed the letter to the G8 nation ministers includes the following presidents of Catholic Churches: Russia, Japan, Italy, Germany, France, Canada, Scotland, Ireland, Wales, England and the Conferences of the European Community.
The meeting of the G8 nations will be held in 2013 in Lough Erne in Northern Ireland for two days. The United Kingdom is the Presidency country for the G8 nations for the year 2013 as the countries belonging to the G8 all take a turn to host the G8 Summit and to be the President of the G8 for each year.

Understanding the G8

The G8 is the assembly of eight world leaders from eight nations who meet each year to discuss global issues. Every year the Heads of State holds a Leader’s Summit and they discuss global issues and attempt to reconcile global issues. It is known that there is a yearly G8 Summit, but minister’s work throughout the year on important contemporary issues like climate change and the economy.
The G8 nations are Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, United Kingdom and the United States. The 2013 G8 Summit will be held in June at the Lough Erne Golf Resort in Fermanagh County. Because Latin America, Africa, India and China is excluded from the G8 nations there are often accusations from those countries that the priorities of the G8 fail to represent the whole developing world. It does seem strange that countries like India and China who have such rapid economic growth are not one of the G8 countries.
Each year the member countries change the place where the summit is held as well as to which country leader to hold the G8 Summit Presidency. It is the hosting country’s responsibility to set the agenda and plan discussions and meetings as well as the security of the ministers and Heads of State attending the summit.
William Hague , the United Kingdom’s Foreign secretary, who is the United Kingdom’s G8 Minister revealed in a recent interview that some of the priorities on the agenda, besides the usual agenda will be; Deauville Partnership with Arab Countries in Transition, Cyber, Somalia, Burma and Preventing Sexual Violence Initiative.
Climate change, environmental protection, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, stability and security across West Africa and North Africa, the situation in the Middle East, which includes Iran and Syria will also be on the agenda during the 2013 G8 Summit.

G8 summit moved from Chicago to Camp David

Barack Obama has moved the planned G8 meeting of the world’s top nations from Chicago to the president’s fortified Camp David compound. The meeting of the world’s richest nations was originally scheduled for Obama’s home town of Chicago on 18-19 May. The G8 summit has often been a target for activists and was this year expected to attract massive protests from the Occupy movement and others.

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G8 summit moved from Chicago to Camp David

G8 pledges $38bn to Arab states as IMF recognises Libya

Finance ministers from the G8 group of industrialised countries have pledged nearly $40bn (£25bn) to several Arab countries to help with reconstruction and moves towards democracy. The money will go to Egypt and Tunisia, which overthrew their autocratic leaders, as well as Morocco and Jordan. In addition, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has recognised Libya’s post-Gaddafi leadership. The G8 – the world’s richest countries plus Russia – is meeting in Marseille.

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G8 pledges $38bn to Arab states as IMF recognises Libya

G8 Countries – Member facts

All eight of the G8 countries are amongst the thirteen top-ranked leading export countries. The USA, Germany, Italy, France, Russia and Japan are among the top 10 countries with the largest gold reserves. Some of the world’s 18 largest major stock exchanges by traded value and market capitalization are in G8 countries (U.S., Japan, UK, Canada, Germany, Russia.) G8 countries are represented in the top eleven economies (by nominal GDP) of the world, according to latest (2010 data) International Monetary Fund’s statistics. Also, five countries of the G8 have nominal GDP per capita above US$40,000. (USA, Canada, Japan, France, Germany), from the same 2010 IMF data. The G8 nations also have some of the world’s largest, most technologically advanced, and most powerful militaries. Four of the eight nations are armed with nuclear weapons (France, Russia, UK, USA), three others have the capability to rapidly produce nuclear warheads (Canada, Germany, Japan), and some have nuclear weapons sharing programs (Canada, Germany, Italy).

A few of the world’s 10 largest oil producers (Russia, USA, and Canada) and the countries with the third and eighth largest oil reserves (Canada and Russia respectively) are in the G8. Seven of the nine largest nuclear energy producers are in the G8 (USA, France, Japan, Russia, Germany, Canada, UK), even though Germany will wean itself from nuclear power by 2022. The 7 largest donors to the UN budget for the 2011 annual fiscal year are in the G8 (U.S., Japan, Germany, UK, France, Italy, Canada.) The G8 and the BRIC countries makes up almost all of the 15-nation “trillion dollar club of nations.” All of the G8 and G8+5 countries (minus South Africa) are in the top twenty nations that are ranked by the amount of voting power and Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) in the IMF organization.

Source: wikipedia